There is a Hanumän deity in Jagannätha known as Känapatä Hanumän.There is a
nice history of this Hanumän.
Jagannätha temple is located on the shore of the ocean. Laksmi Devi appeared at the
time of samudra-manthana (the churning of the ocean), and the Lord married her.
Thus, by marrying the daughter of the ocean, the Lord became the son-in-law of the
ocean and the ocean became the father-in-law of Lord Jagannätha.
During the night the waves of the ocean make a loud sound that is heard all over Puri.
One time this sound entered Jagannätha’s
temple, thus disturbing the Lord’s sleep.
Lord Jagannätha ordered Samudra not to make any sound which might disturb Him.
From that time on, the sound of Samudra
crashing on the beach never again entered
Jagannätha’s temple. Lord Jagannätha engaged his devotee Hanumän to stand at the
south gate and listen attentively and ensure
the sound never entered the mandira.
“Känapatä” means to engage the ears (käna) for hearing. Thus Hanumän is known
here as Känapatä Hanumän.
The Bedi Hanumän temple is situated near Cakra-tirtha. Lord Jagannätha engaged
Hanumän to protect Puri-dhäma from the ocean, because sometimes the ocean waves
would enter Puri and the people would suffer. Thus Hanumän
was posted here by
Jagannätha to guard the shore so the waves could not enter the town.
One time, however, Hanumän left his post, abandoning his duty of guarding Puri-dhäma,
and set out to visit Ayodhyä to attend a festival and eat laddu there. As a result, the ocean
water entered the town and the people were in great distress. Lord Jagannätha brought
Hanumän back from Ayodhyä and bound him here with a rope(bedi), ordering him to
never leave the place and to do his duty nicely. Because Hanumän is situated near the
ocean (daria) to protect Puri from the ocean, he is also known as Daria Hanumän.
This Hanumän deity is located at the north gate of Sri Jagannätha temple for the
of the mandira. He is also known as Cäri-cakra Hanumän and Asta-bhuja
Hanumän. “Cäri-cakra” means he is holding
four cakras in his hands. This deity of
Hanumän is four feet in height and faces east. We have heard the following interesting
story about Tapasvi Hanumän:
Once the Sudarçana-cakra of the Lord became
very proud, thinking, “I am so close to
the Lord and most dear to Him.” Lord Jagannätha is famous for destroying pride, and
He did not like to see Sudarsana-cakra’s pride. Sudarsana-cakra was thinking that he
was most powerful, as the Lord is protected by him and dependent upon him. Lord
Jagannätha takes help of Sudarsana-cakra to accomplish any difficult job. Thus the
Lord decided to correct his pride to protect him.
The Lord sent the Sudarsana-cakra to call for Hanumän. At that time Hanumän
was engaged in tapasya at Abhayäranya. Immediately
the Sudarsana-cakra went to
inform Hanumän that Lord Jagannätha wanted to see him, and Hanumän started
his journey to meet his Lord. After informing Hanumän, the Sudarsana-cakra
immediately returned to the temple, reaching there before Hanumän.
neared the temple gates, the Sudarsana-cakra started to move very fast around the
mandira perimeters, blocking Hanumän’s path and preventing him from reaching
Hanumän asked himself, “How can I meet my Lord?” He took shelter of Lord Jagannätha
simply by remembering Him. Immediately,
by the mercy of the Lord, Hanumän
was empowered, and six extra arms grew suddenly from his shoulders.
Thus he became
Asta-bhuja Hanumän. Four hands each held a Sudarsana-cakra, two hands offered
pranämas, and two hands were engaged in chanting the holy names of the Lord.
Hanumän then proceeded towards the ratna-simhäsana to meet with Lord Jagannätha.
After some time, the Sudarsana-
cakra also reached there in great distress. Lord
Jagannätha wanted to punish Sudarsana-
cakra for his offense to Hanumän, and also
wanted to destroy his great pride. Sudarsana-cakra was ashamed to see that Hanumän
was more powerful than him and that he had not been able to prevent Hanumän
from entering the temple. Thus the Lord cursed the Sudarsana-cakra that in the age of Kali he will not have his discus form: rather, he would take the form of a pillar which will be always at the left side of Lord Jagannätha.
Sudarsana-cakra felt this to be too heavy a curse, and requested the Lord to reduce its severity. The most merciful Lord said, “Do not fear. In Kali-yuga you will be situated at the top of my temple in your cakra form. When people take darsana of this cakra, they will feel the same pleasure and derive the same result as they would by having My darsana.”
Since then Tapasvé Hanumän has stood at the north gate of the temple in Koili Vaikuntha, and the Sudarsana-cakra is atop Lord Jagannätha’s temple.